Sports Hall Flooring

Discover the Main Sports Hall Flooring Characteristics

Sports hall flooring systems play a major role in the performance of players during a game. The systems which are installed should meet the typical requirements for each scope of use.

Whether the flooring caters to amateur or professional sports players, it should provide them with high levels of comfort to protect the body’s joints and ligaments.

Because the speed of movement of the players can make or break a game, the sports hall flooring characteristics should ensure the right amount of friction to enhance their game performance.

Sports hall flooring comes in three main types of systems including point-elastic, area-elastic and combined elastic flooring.

  • Area – Elastic Floors

Area-Elastic Floor systems are flexible and provide a wide area for deformation. A hard coating set over a flexible layer provides an excellent surface for players to carry out a successful game. The flexible underneath coating guarantees great comfort for users and is especially suitable for basketball due to high ball rebound levels. Also, the increased rates of shock absorption and vertical deformation contribute to improving athletes’ performances during games.

  • Point – Elastic Floors

Having a narrow deformation area close to the load, point-elastic flooring systems are comprised of a soft layer with foam undercoating placed over a hard surface such as cement. Because of low shock absorption and vertical deformation rates, point-elastic floors are more susceptible to damage. Also, players’ movement and speed are limited due to high friction resistance of this type of floor surface.

  • Combined elastic flooring

This type of flooring combines the features of area-elastic and point-elastic systems. The hybrid flooring offers great performance conditions for players, but its durability is weakened due to the point-elastic top layer features. Control over the surface deformation is spread out widely in the area with load distribution characteristics and narrow in the load area.

EN 14904 vs ASTM F2772

To decide what system is suitable for a sports hall, 4 factors should be considered including force reduction (shock absorption), ball rebound, friction and vertical deformation. The European Standard for Sports Surfaces and Equipment, EN 14904, requirements for safe use provide the standards for force reduction and vertical deformation for each type of sports flooring systems. Measures are held between 25% and 75% for shock absorption and vertical deformation includes variables of between 1.8 mm and 5mm. The ASTM F2772 (The American Society for Testing and Materials standard specification for Athletic Performance Properties of Indoor Sports Floor Systems) provides a minimum of 10% for shock absorption and vertical deformation must be lower than 3.5 mm for synthetic floors.

Flooring Maintenance and inspection

To guarantee and extend the durability of different sports hall flooring systems, inspections should be carried out periodically by professionals. They can check for damages to the flooring materials which could cause serious injuries to players as well as lead to high repair costs. For flooring services in Castleford and throughout West Yorkshire, UK please contact us at Castle Floors on 01977 730 244 or email